December 12, 2016, 1:36 am
Filed under: Bruce Arena
, Juergen Klinsmann
| Tags: 2002 World Cup
, 2018 World Cup
, Apollo XI moon landing
, Bob Bradley
, Brasil '14
, Bruce Arena
, CONCACAF Champions Cup
, CONCACAF Gold Cup
, Copa America Centenario
, Costa Rica
, DaMarcus Beasley
, Dan Flynn
, DC United
, Hertha Berlin
, Interamerica Cup
, John Brooks
, Juergen Klinsmann
, Landon Donovan
, Los Angeles Galaxy
, Montreal '76
, Moscow '80
, New Zealand
, Panama City
, Project 2010
, Rafael Marquez
, Salt Lake City
, Sunil Gulati
, U.S. Open Cup
, Under-17 World Cup
, University of Virginia
Bruce Arena was named coach of the U.S. National Team, replacing Juergen Klinsmann, who was fired a day earlier.
It will be Arena’s second stint as U.S. coach. From 1998 to 2006 he compiled a 71-30-29 record, the most successful stretch in American history. A two-time winner of the CONCACAF Gold Cup (2002, 2005), he guided the Americans to an historic quarterfinal finish at the 2002 World Cup, beating Portugal in their opening match before advancing out of the group and earning a 2-0 victory over Mexico in the Round of 16. The run ended with a heartbreaking 1-0 loss to eventual finalist Germany in the last eight.
“When we considered the possible candidates to take over the Men’s National Team at this time, Bruce was at the top of the list,” said USSF President Sunil Gulati of Arena, who also led the U.S. to a three-and-out finish at the 2006 World Cup. “His experience at the international level, understanding of the requirements needed to lead a team through World Cup qualifying, and proven ability to build a successful team were all aspects we felt were vital for the next coach. We all know Bruce will be fully committed to preparing the players for the next eight qualifying games and earning a berth to an eighth straight FIFA World Cup in Russia.”
Since his first tour as U.S. boss, Arena served as general manager and coach of the Los Angeles Galaxy from 2008 through this past season, winning Major League Soccer titles in 2011, 2012 and 2014. He rose to prominence by winning five NCAA championships as coach of the University of Virginia, then led DC United to the first two MLS titles, in 1996 and ’97, as well as the ’96 U.S. Open Cup. He also helped United become the first-ever U.S. team to lift the CONCACAF Champions Cup and the now-defunct Interamerican Cup, winning each in 1998.
“Any time you get the opportunity to coach the national team, it’s an honor,” said Arena. “I’m looking forward to working with a strong group of players that understand the challenge in front of them after the first two games of the Hex. Working as a team, I’m confident that we’ll take the right steps forward to qualify for the 2018 World Cup in Russia.”
The U.S. in early November opened the final round of CONCACAF qualifying for the 2018 World Cup with losses to Mexico, 2-1, at home, and at Costa Rica, 4-0. The Mexico defeat was the first home loss in a World Cup qualifier in 15 years. Those results left the Americans in last place, four points off the pace for the last direct qualifying berth with eight games remaining on the schedule. [November 22]
Comment I: The timing for the change was obvious for more than one reason.
The next U.S. qualifiers, against Honduras in Salt Lake City and Panama in Panama City, aren’t until March 24 and March 28, respectively. Roughly four months. Preceded by a low-key camp in January that traditionally includes a couple of friendlies where hopefuls from MLS and youngsters get a look. There isn’t as big a window for the rest of the Hexagonal. Plenty of time for Klinsmann’s replacement to pull together a staff and execute a smooth transition. It’s the American way. The USSF doesn’t fire its coaches on airport tarmacs after a big loss.
Then there was Arena himself. On a personal level, he was the obvious choice, like him or not. Arena is not the coach he was a decade ago. He’s now 65, and a doting grandfather. He signed a two-year contract with the USSF, and this obviously is his final hurrah. He has an ego, and he’d like to go out with a signature accomplishment, like a successful World Cup run, which wasn’t going to happen if he stayed in Los Angeles. What’s one more MLS Cup to Arena at this point?
Comment II: Juergen Klinsmann made the fatal mistake of over-promising.
He was hired to replace Bob Bradley in 2011 on the promise that he would not only lead the U.S. to victory but remake American soccer culture from the top down. Gulati doubled down on that promise in 2013, on the heels of a U.S.-record 12-game winning streak and Gold Cup title, by extending Klinsmann’s contract (a reported $3.2 million a year, through 2018) and crowning him men’s technical director to boot, placing the fates of the Olympic and national youth teams in his hands.
But the ups and downs of the Klinsmann era turned mostly to downs by 2015. That year the national team failed to finish in the top three in the Gold Cup for the first time since 2000, part of a slide in which the Americans lost four consecutive games on U.S. soil for the first time in a half-century. Meanwhile, on his watch as technical director, the U.S. failed to qualify for consecutive Olympic tournaments, something that hadn’t happened since Montreal ’76-Moscow ’80. As for the U.S. youth teams, the kids haven’t been alright. The U.S. under-20 team is winless in its last eight games against European nations by a combined score of 27-7, including a humiliating 8-1 pounding by Germany. The U.S. went winless at the 2015 Under-17 World Cup, four years after failing to qualify for the first time ever. Remember how the U-17s reached the semifinals of the 1999 world championship in New Zealand and teens Landon Donovan and DaMarcus Beasley were named the tournament’s top two players?
Klinsmann, 52, departs having compiled a fine 55-27-16 record. There have been two World Cups, including one in which his team won a so-called “Group of Death,” in 2014. There was the fourth-place finish at last summer’s Copa America Centenario. And startling friendly victories: 1-0 at Italy in 2012; 4-3 at home over Germany in 2013; 4-3 at Holland and 2-1 at Germany in 2015. But he also exits with the cupboard bare: the Klinsmann national team pool is overly reliant on German players with U.S. passports and his youth teams–based on results–are a shambles. Little was built, and the fallout is the minor chaos that’s now Arena’s problem.
Comment III: So who’s to blame? Sunil Gulati.
He was one of the driving forces behind the ill-fated Project 2010, a laughably optimistic $50 million development surge launched by the USSF that was supposed to make America a legitimate contender for a World Cup title. The title of the 1998 report that introduced the project, “Winning the World Cup by 2010: Soccer’s Equivalent to the Apollo XI Moon Landing,” is best forgotten.
Gulati’s first major decision as federation president, in the weeks after the 2006 World Cup, was to allow Arena’s contract to expire, saying the team needed to go in a “fresh direction.” He hired Arena’s assistant, Bradley, as new national team coach, then found him wanting in 2011 and hired Klinsmann, ultimately giving the German, as noted above, an extension and adding technical director to his titles. Now it’s Arena, back to direct the U.S. in a presumably fresh direction.
As he completes the final two years of his third four-year term as U.S. Soccer supremo, Gulati’s legacy, and that of USSF Chief Executive Dan Flynn, will be one of continued success on the part of the U.S. women and utter mediocrity–even retreat–by the U.S. men at all levels.
Comment IV: Had Klinsmann lost his team?
One can only wonder. But there’s Klinsmann’s track record of rarely owning up to a mistake, of throwing players under the bus. The latest victim was young Hertha Berlin center back John Brooks who, as Klinsmann pointed out, lost his mark, Rafael Marquez, on Marquez’s late winner off a corner kick in the 2-1 loss to Mexico. Four nights later down in San Jose, a demoralized Brooks turned in a disastrous performance against Costa Rica. This same 23-year-old came close to earning a near-perfect player rating in the USA’s 1-0 victory over Paraguay at last summer’s Copa America Centenario.
You don’t have to be embedded in the U.S. dressing room to draw the conclusion that Klinsmann, with his insistence on getting his players out of their “comfort zone,” his thinly veiled disdain for MLS players, his willingness to take chances on any and all European-based players, his infamous dropping of longtime U.S. captain Donovan on the eve of Brasil ’14 . . . was not a players’ coach. And players’ coaches tend to have some support among the people in uniform when they get into trouble. There was barely a peep from those wearing U.S. uniforms after Gulati dropped the hammer.
Comment V: Is Arena Mr. Fix-it?
His first stab at professional coaching, with DC United in 1996, was, initially, a disaster. A month into Major League Soccer’s first season, the team representing the nation’s capital was a laughingstock. Arena quickly fired several players and United went on to win the league championship. A year later, it won another.
Can Arena fix this with eight CONCACAF qualifiers remaining? Odds remain good that the U.S. will qualify for the 2018 World Cup regardless of who is coach. The top three finishers earn berths in Russia, and the fourth-place team remains alive through a home-and-home playoff with Asia’s fifth-place finisher.
But at this point, U.S. Soccer is in the position of merely hoping for an eighth straight World Cup appearance. Should the team reach Russia ’18, the U.S. will be back in the familiar position of hoping for little more than surviving its first-round group and a trip to the second round of a World Cup. Klinsmann’s promise of genuine progress remains a luxury . . . and an unfulfilled dream.
BELGIUM 2, U.S. 1, AND AMERICA’S FUTURE
July 2, 2014, 8:50 pm
Filed under: U.S. 1
| Tags: Alamo
, Andres Iniesta
, Brad Guzan
, Chris Wondolowski
, Clint Dempsey
, Costa Rica
, DaMarcus Beasley
, Dino Zoff
, France '98
, Geoff Cameron
, Golden Generation
, Group of Death
, Juergen Klinsmann
, Julian Green
, Kevin De Bruyne
, Korea/Japan '02
, Matt Besler
, Michael Bradley
, Omar Gonzalez
, Pele Generation
, Romelu Lukaku
, Russia 2018
, Soviet Union
, Thibaut Courtois
, Tim Howard
, World Cup
In a match that looked like a re-enactment of the siege of the Alamo, Belgium pounded away at the U.S. defense for 93 minutes before breaking through and ultimately winning, 2-1, in overtime to earn a World Cup quarterfinal showdown with Argentina.
Midfield dynamo Kevin De Bruyne and substitute striker Romelu Lukaku combined on both Belgian goals, beating an exhausted U.S. defense that was bombarded with 38 shots. Three minutes into extra time, Lukaku beat U.S. defender Matt Besler down the right wing to set up De Bruyne for the first goal, then a pass by De Bruyne allowed Lukaku to score on a powerful short-range shot. The desperate Americans staged a furious comeback and were rewarded in the 107th minute when 18-year-old substitute Julian Green volleyed home a chipped pass into the box by Michael Bradley, but the rally fell short.
The game was played in Salvador, and fittingly the man of the match was the USA’s savior, Tim Howard, who put on a two-hour goalkeeping clinic. He made 16 saves, many of them spectacular, in sparing his side an embarrassingly lopsided defeat. It was the most saves in a World Cup game since the statistic was first kept in 1966.
Remarkably, the Americans nearly won the game in the final seconds of regulation added-on time. Substitute Chris Wondolowski, a natural poacher, latched onto the ball in a goalmouth scramble but put his shot over the bar in an effort to lift it over sprawling Belgian goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois. [July 1]
Comment: Now, following the handwringing, the postmortems start. Americans caught World Cup fever in a big way for the first time. But the Belgian police banged on the door and broke up their party, and they want the next party to last beyond midnight.
How can the U.S. get better and go farther at Russia 2018 (the team’s qualification being a given)? A stronger Major League Soccer? An expanded U.S. academy program developing more and more young talent? The U.S. goal will soon be in the capable hands of Brad Guzan–unless the unpredictable Juergen Klinsmann tries to make Howard, now 35, the USA’s answer to Dino Zoff. DaMarcus Beasley isn’t likely to play in a fifth World Cup, so there is a need for a left back, and forward Clint Dempsey will be 35 in four years. Whether it’s Besler or Omar Gonzalez or Geoff Cameron or a newcomer in the central defense, Klinsmann needs to find the right duo and stick with it. And the midfield must somehow get better without a Xavi or Andres Iniesta on the horizon.
Who knows if a “Group of Death” awaits the U.S. if it reaches Russia. And if it reaches the second round there, will its opponent be Belgium, or a side like Ghana (2010), or Mexico (2002) … or Brazil (1994). But it is a sure thing that the U.S. will be better–by how much is unknown, but it will be better.
The U.S. is nowhere near reaching its considerable potential. Participation figures that exceed 20 million and our soccer infrastructure say so. There’s also that intangible, the slowly continuing evolution of the soccer culture here. Since the Pele Generation of the 1970s, the sport has improved on the grassroots level by leaps and bounds–and, admittedly, sometimes by small increments–but it has improved, and that improvement goes on uninterrupted . Compare that, then, with countries where soccer is well-established and yet the fortunes of the national team waxes and wanes, like Belgium. Or Chile, or Portugal, or Uruguay, or Romania, or Holland, or Norway, or Colombia, or Costa Rica, or Paraguay, or Sweden, or the remnants of the former Soviet Union or former Czechoslovakia. Most are left awaiting the emergence of its next “golden generation,” which may require several generations of waiting. A nation like Spain played in the first World Cup in 1930 and didn’t win one for 80 years. Hungary peaked in the early 1950s with one of the greatest teams ever and has been mostly an international soccer afterthought since.
The U.S. isn’t any of those nations. Plot the national team’s progress on a graph and the red line continues upward, sometimes sharply (Korea/Japan ’02), sometimes not (France ’98). It’s why many of the countries in the soccer-playing world would trade their past and present for the USA’s future in a heartbeat.
ONE OF LAST LINKS TO USA’S FINEST, UNLIKELY, HOUR AND A HALF
February 12, 2012, 11:37 pm
Filed under: Uncategorized
| Tags: 191st Tank Battalion
, 1930 World Cup
, 1934 World Cup
, 1936 Berlin Olympics
, 1938 World Cup
, 1948 London Olympics
, 1950 World Cup
, 1966 World Cup
, 1969 Miracle Mets
, 1980 Winter Olympics
, 1992 U.S. Olympic basketball team
, Alf Ramsey
, American Soccer League
, Baer and Fuller
, Belo Horizonte
, Bert Williams
, Bill Jeffrey
, Bob Annis
, Brook-Hattan Galicia
, Caribous of Colorado
, Charles Colombo
, Chris Bahr
, Columbia University
, Dago Hill
, Dent McSkimming
, Dream Team
, Duchy of Gran Fenwick
, Dutch East Indies
, Ed McIlvenny
, Eddie Souza
, El Tricolores
, English Channel
, English Football Association
, English Saturday Post
, Fall River FC
, Florissant Valley College
, France '98
, Francis Wallace
, Frank Borghi
, Generoso Dattilo
, Geoffrey Douglas
, Germany '06
, Gino Pariani
, Gino Parini
, Harry Keough
, Home International Championship
, Hungarian National Team
, Ilha do Retiro Stadium
, Italia '90
, Jack Buck
, Japan/Korea '02
, Jimmy Mullen
, Joe Gaetjens
, Joe Namath
, John "Clarkie" Souza
, John Graydon
, John Souza
, Kearny Scots
, Lore and Amazing Feats
, Magic Magyars
, Manchester United
, Maracana Stadium
, Matt Bahr
, Mexico City
, Michigan State
, Mineiro Stadium
, National Soccer Hall of Fame
, Nicholas DiOrio
, Nittany Lions
, North American Championship
, Northern Ireland
, Papa Doc Duvalier
, Penn State
, Philadelphia Americans
, Philadelphia Atoms
, Proctor & Gamble
, Racing Club de Paris
, Randall's Island
, Rio de Janeiro
, Saint Louis University
, Saint Lous University
, Soccer Stories: Anecdotes
, Soviet Union
, St. Louis
, St. Louis Cardinals
, St. Louis Kutis
, St. Louis Post-Dispatch
, Stan Mortensen
, Stanley Matthews
, Stanley Mortensen
, Stanley Rous
, Super Bowl III
, The Game of Their Lives
, Ton Ton Macoute
, Tulsa Roughnecks
, Ty Keough
, U.S. Football Association
, U.S. National Amateur Cup
, U.S. National Open Cup
, U.S. Soccer Football Association
, USA '94
, Walter Bahr
, Walter Winterbottom
, Wembley Stadium
, William "Chubby" Lyons
One of the most notable figures in the early history of American soccer, Harry Keough, died at his home in St. Louis. He was 84.
Keough was the broad-shouldered center back of the U.S. team that upset England, 1-0, in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in the first round of the 1950 World Cup, a result considered by many perhaps the biggest upset ever in sports. England, inventors of the game with a side made up of First Division professionals, came to Brazil as tournament favorite while the Americans were a collection of semipros.
Keough, a postal carrier by trade, earned 17 caps in the late 1940s and ’50s. He also led St. Louis Kutis to the 1957 U.S. National Open Cup and six consecutive U.S. National Amateur Cups beginning in 1956. Keough went on to a long and successful career as a collegiate coach. After helping Missouri’s Florissant Valley become a junior college powerhouse, he took the helm at Saint Louis University and guided the Billikens to NCAA Division I championships in 1968 (shared with Michigan State), 1969, ’70, ’72 and ’73, compiling a 213-50-23 record from 1967 through ’82.
In 1976, Keough was inducted along with the rest of his 1950 U.S. teammates into the National Soccer Hall of Fame, and in 1990 he became, along with ex-teammate Walter Bahr, the go-to guy for media members looking for a quote regarding the significance of America’s first World Cup appearance in four decades. With Keough’s passing, only three members of that U.S. team remain: Bahr, John Souza and Frank Borghi. [February 6]
Comment: A fluke, a mistake, a month of Sundays in collision, but without the improbable heroics of Keough & Co. nearly 62 years ago, this country’s soccer’s history, at a glance, would’ve been a blank slate for 45 long years–from the USA’s two-win march to the semifinals at the first World Cup in 1930 to the arrival of Pele in 1975. And when it came to America’s feeble hurrah in the middle of an otherwise barren resume, it couldn’t have had a more gracious and humble spokesman than Keough.
For those who aren’t inclined to read Geoffrey Douglas’ 1996 book “The Game of Their Lives” (or sit through the disappointing 2005 motion picture of the same name that managed to paint English star forward Stan Mortensen as an arrogant villain, among other distortions and inaccuracies), here’s a condensed account of U.S. 1, England 0, from Soccer Stories: Anecdotes, Oddities, Lore and Amazing Feats:
THE GREATEST UPSET OF THEM ALL
In terms of sheer shock value, it’s bigger than the U.S. ice hockey team’s gold medal triumph at the 1980 Winter Olympics. It tops the 1969 Miracle Mets, Jets quarterback Joe Namath’s guaranteed win in Super Bowl III–all of them.
The U.S. National Team’s 1-0 victory over England at the 1950 World Cup in Brazil was the greatest upset in the history of sports. England, the birthplace of soccer, lost to the United States, a team of semipros–plus one amateur–representing a country that was considered at the time to be on a par with Antarctica on the international soccer totem pole. Imagine the 1992 U.S. Olympic basketball squad, the so-called Dream Team, tumbling to the Duchy of Grand Fenwick. So preposterous was the thought of England losing to the United States that many sports editors around the world, upon seeing the final score come over the wire from Belo Horizonte, concluded that it must have been a typographical error. Surely the actual score was England 10, United States 1.
England, at odds with FIFA from the late 1920s until just after World War II, had finally consented to play in a World Cup after skipping the first three, and it came to Brazil as a favorite. In the first round a routine victory over Chile and the expected hammering of the United States, plus a win–at worst a tie–against Spain, and the English would be through Group 2 and into the final pool for a four-team, round-robin playoff for the crown. From there England would cement its status as the game’s master.
The English indeed brushed aside Chile, 2-0, June 25 at the cavernous Maracana Stadium in Rio de Janeiro in their first-ever World Cup match. The Americans, meanwhile, had opened the cup by falling bravely to Spain in Curitiba, 3-1, giving up all three goals after the 80th minute. Thus, the stage was set for the USA’s expected elimination at the hands of England at Belo Horizonte, a mining town some 300 miles north of Rio.
A crowd of 10,151 gathered at the intimate Mineiro Stadium on that cool, cloudy June 29, most of them curious Brazilians rooting for the United States to somehow upend England and perhaps help remove an obstacle to their own country’s championship hopes. The field was bumpy–an impediment to English skill–and the dressing rooms were so cramped and foul that England chose to change beforehand at its hotel. From the opening kickoff, England set up camp on the U.S. half of the field and, early on, sailed a shot just over the crossbar. The English were laughing and joking as they sauntered back for the ensuing goal kick. Surely the slaughter would begin soon.
But, amazingly, the game remained 0-0 beyond the first half hour, and in the 39th minute (or 37th or 38th, depending on the account), the United States scored the Goal. U.S. halfback Walter Bahr, one of eight native-born Americans in the lineup, latched onto a throw-in from the right by captain Ed McIlvenny, dribbled 10 yards down the wing, and rifled a 25-yard shot toward the far post. English goalkeeper Bert Williams appeared to have the situation under control, but U.S. center forward Joe Gaetjens swooped in and sent a flying header into the right corner of the net.
Several English newspaper reports claimed the ball struck the unwitting Gaetjens in the head before caroming into the goal. “Williams in the England goal positioned himself perfectly to gather in Bahr’s shot,” wrote John Graydon of the English Saturday Post, “but Gaetjens, the American leader, ruined everything for him. Gaetjens jumped in, failed to connect with his forehead but the ball accidentally hit the top of his head and was deflected into the England goal.” Surviving U.S. players later contended that Gaetjens was simply an unpredictable player who chose this moment to execute an unexpected diving header.
This was England’s wake-up call, and the red-faced favorites–frustrated by an underdog listed at 500-1–responded with a second-half barrage that increased in intensity as the final whistle approached. But goalkeeper Frank Borghi and his back line held firm, the English marksmen were off-target, and there would be no equalizer.
At one point English defender Alf Ramsey’s free kick was headed on by forward Jimmy Mullen and seemingly bound for the U.S. goal, but Borghi made a sprawling save.
England’s best chance to draw level came with five minutes remaining. Inside forward Stanley Mortensen split the U.S. defense, only to be brought down just beyond the penalty area with a desperate gridiron football-style tackle by U.S. center back Charles Colombo, the team’s hard man who, perhaps for reasons of intimidation, always wore boxer’s training gloves when he played. So vicious was the hit that their momentum carried Mortenson and Colombo to the penalty spot. Italian referee Generoso Dattilo, however, did not point to the spot to give England a penalty kick and he did not eject Colombo. True to his given name, he shook his finger at Colombo yet said, “Bono, bono, bono!” (in this instance, “Good job!” or “Way to go!”) and awarded only a free kick that England subsequently sent sailing over the bar.
Moments later, Ramsey booted a free kick into the penalty area, where Mullen’s downward header got behind Borghi, but the U.S. ‘keeper recovered and palmed the ball away for right back Harry Keough to clear. Dattilo rejected English claims that the ball had crossed the goal line.
Through it all, the Americans kept their cool. Late in the match, with the partisan crowd chanting Mais um! (“One more!”), the balding inside forward John “Clarkie” Souza dribbled around a half-dozen Englishmen to kill several seconds off the clock.
At the final whistle, Gaetjens, Borghi, and other U.S. players were paraded around the field on the shoulders of jubilant Brazilian fans, and others set newspapers ablaze in the stands in celebration. U.S. coach Bill Jeffrey, a Scotsman, danced a jig on the sidelines.
While the rest of the world buzzed, this monumental upset caused less than a ripple in the United States. Only one American reporter, Dent McSkimming, was on hand for the game, and that was only because he was on vacation and taking in the game as a tourist; his paper, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, ran not a McSkimming report of the game but a wire service account. The disinterest shown the remarkable feat by the American public spoke volumes of the state of soccer in the United States in the 1950s; likewise, the shock and amazement in most quarters that greeted news of the upset said plenty about what the world thought of both English and American soccer.
* * *
Before the upset the U.S. Soccer Federation, then known as the U.S. Football Association (USFA), all but shut down its national team program following a humiliating 7-1 loss to host Italy in its only 1934 World Cup match and a respectable 1-0 loss to the eventual gold medal-winning Italians in its lone appearance at the 1936 Berlin Olympics. The United States entered the 1938 World Cup in France but withdrew after FIFA pitted the Americans against the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) in a qualifying playoff. (Perhaps the USFA was influenced by a September 1937 trip to Mexico City during which the national team bowed to El Tricolores, 7-2, 7-3, and 5-1 over two weeks.
Thanks in part to World War II, the USFA (since renamed the U.S. Soccer Football Association) didn’t send a selection out onto the field until the 1947 North American Championship in Havana, where Cuba and Mexico flattened the Americans by a combined 10-2. That was followed by the 1948 London Olympics, where the Americans–featuring future World Cup team members Bahr, Colombo, Gino Parini, Eddie Souza, and John Souza (no relation)–were humbled by Italy, 9-0, in their only match. Four days later, the squad, now appearing as the national team, was humiliated by Norway, 11-0, in Oslo, and five days after that it tumbled to Northern Ireland, 5-0, in Belfast.
Obviously, the world had changed. The United States had beaten Belgium and Paraguay to reach the 1930 World Cup semifinals with a collection of rugged characters, a smattering with pro experience from Britain but most from the hardscrabble ethnic semipro leagues of the urban United States. But over the next two decades professionalism spread to Brazil, Spain, and other soccer hotbeds, while elsewhere, from the amateurs of Scandinavia to the minnows of Central America, the game only got stronger–stronger than the likes of the Fall River FC of Massachusetts, Kearny Scots of New Jersey, Stix, Baer and Fuller of St. Louis, and other domestic powers of the era. Before long, the butchers, bakers and candlestick makers playing in the American Soccer League and/or U.S. National Open Cup were hopelessly behind, a gap that would persist for a half century.
U.S. failure was supposed to have continued in September 1949 with World Cup qualifiers in Mexico City, but North America was generously awarded two slots in Brazil, and the United States team, despite being beaten by Mexico, 6-0 and 6-2, punched their ticket at the expense of the Cubans, 1-1 and 5-2. Nevertheless, it was hardly a bold run-up to Brasil ’50.
The venerable Home International Championship, the world’s oldest international team competition (born 1883, died 1989 due to fan violence), was the annual battle for soccer supremacy among England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. In 1949-50, it doubled as a European qualifying group for the fourth World Cup, and the English finished first by two points with a 1-0 victory over Scotland in Glasgow in their final match. A World Cup spot was reserved for the Home’s second-placed team, but the Scots deemed themselves unworthy as a runner-up and stayed home.
U.S. coach Jeffrey made his final World Cup squad selections after an April 1950 match in St. Louis between hopefuls from the East and West, which ended in a 3-3 tie. Only seven players survived from the qualifiers in Mexico City: Bahr, Borghi, Colombo, forward Nicholas DiOrio, defender Keough, John Souza, and forward Francis Wallace. Jeffrey’s final selection then was thumped, 5-0, by the touring Turkish club Besiktas in St. Louis; a loss to an English B team, 1-0, at New York’s Randall’s Island, followed, and the United States was off to Brazil.
That English B team, playing as the English F.A. XI, would become part of England’s World Cup squad. It tuned up for what would be, for some players, a trip to Brazil by winning all nine of its friendlies during a tour of Canada, outscoring the opposition 66-13, including the victory over the United States.
After the U.S.-England friendly, at a banquet at the Waldorf-Astoria, English Football Association president Stanley Rous, later elected head of FIFA, was gracious in his remarks regarding the U.S. team, but suggested his side was weary from the extensive travel in North America. In conclusion, he said, “When you go to Brazil and play the English National Team, then you will find out what football is all about.”
* * *
After the incredible upset over England, the United States was unable to ride the victory into the tournament’s final pool. The Americans lost to Chile, 5-2, three days later at Ilha do Retiro Stadium in Recife and were eliminated. Like the Spain match, the defense collapsed in the second half. After rebounding from a 2-0 deficit to tie on goals by Gino Pariani in the 47th minute and Ed Souza from the penalty spot in the 48th (or by Frank Wallace and Joe Maca, or by Wallace and John Souza, depending on the account), the team melted in the 110-degree heat and conceded three goals beginning in the 54th.
Nevertheless, the United States, whose squad included a postman, a school teacher, a factory worker, a knitting machine mechanic, and a hearse driver, went home tied for second in Group 2 with England and Chile, all at 1-2-0. Spain (3-0-0) took first but eventually finished last in the final pool, behind champion Uruguay, host Brazil, and third-place Sweden.
Despite disbelief over the England defeat, the United States left Brazil with a respectable all-time World Cup record of 3-4-0. Without a strong national league or public interest, however, the Americans’ immediate future in international soccer was bleak, and they wouldn’t make another World Cup appearance until Italia ’90, where an inexperienced squad of current and former college standouts, average age 23, lost all three of its games. Following USA ’94 (1-2-1), France ’98 (0-3-0), the Americans’ encouraging quarterfinal showing at Japan/Korea ’02 (2-2-1) and Germany ’06 (0-2-1), the United States’ all-time record in World Cup competition stood at 6-16-3.
Coach Walter Winterbottom, who had kept Stanley Matthews out of England’s first two games, played the legendary winger in his team’s final Group 2 match, but the English lost, 1-0, to Spain before 70,000 at the Maracana and trudged home. The English tumbled completely off their pedestal in 1953 when the “Magic Magyars,” the invincible Hungarian National Team, routed them, 6-3, at Wembley Stadium and 7-1 six months later in Budapest.
England, of course, did not curl up and die after the losses to the United States and Hungary. Alf Ramsey, the man who played against the Yanks, was appointed coach, replaced Winterbottom, after England lost in the 1962 World Cup quarterfinals to eventual champion Brazil. The Ramsey-led English won the 1966 World Cup.
As for Belo Horizonte, England avenged that defeat four times over by humiliating the United States, 6-3, in 1953 in New York; 8-1 in 1959 in Los Angeles; 10-0 in 1964 in New York; and 5-0 in 1985 in Los Angeles. The United States came back to surprise the English, 2-0, in U.S. Cup ’93 in Foxboro, Massachusetts. For now, England’s advantage stands at 7-2-1, that tie coming at the 2010 World Cup.
As for Jeffrey, his tenure as U.S. coach consisted of those three games in Brazil and he returned to his day job as soccer coach at Penn State. In 1951, with the national team temporarily in mothballs, Jeffrey led his Nittany Lions on a three-game tour of Iran. The following year he closed out a successful 24-year career as Penn State coach, compiling a 134-21-27 record.
McIlvenny, who like Jeffrey was born in Scotland, played for Wrexham of Wales. He moved to the United States in 1949 and played for the Philadelphia Americans, then in the midst of winning five American Soccer League titles over 10 years. After the World Cup he returned to Britain and played two games with Manchester United, then ended his career with teams in Ireland, Germany, and once again, England. Fellow defender Maca returned to his native Belgium, where he resumed his playing career as the hero who helped vanquish mighty England.
Left back Bahr followed Jeffrey to Penn State and guided the Nittany Lions to a 185-66-22 mark from 1974 to 1987. Two of Bahr’s sons cut short promising professional soccer careers to pursue fame and fortune as place-kickers in the NFL. Chris, a midfielder, switched sports after scoring 11 goals and winning the 1975 NASL Rookie of the Year award with the Philadelphia Atoms. Matt, a defender, split the 1978 NASL season between the Caribous of Colorado and Tulsa Roughnecks before making the jump.
Defender Keough, later a successful coach at Saint Louis University (five NCAA titles in 16 seasons), is the father of TV soccer commentator Ty Keough, whose playing career spanned eight appearances for the United States–nine fewer than his father–and four seasons in the NASL.
Keough, Borghi, Colombo, Wallace, and Pariani were all products of St. Louis, the latter four from the southside Italian neighborhood known as “Dago Hill.” A reserve, Bob Annis, and Jeffrey’s assistant, William “Chubby” Lyons, also were from St. Louis. As a teen, Borghi, the hearse driver who would one day become his funeral home’s director, was a U.S. Army field medic in World War II. He crossed the English Channel the day after D-Day, and among the men he treated in Germany was the future voice of the St. Louis Cardinals, Jack Buck. Another army veteran, Wallace, nicknamed “Pee Wee,” served in the 191st Tank Battalion and saw action on the beach at Anzio, eventually earning four Battle Stars and a Purple Heart; he was captured by the Germans and spend 15 months in a POW camp.
Five Americans on the field at Mineiro Stadium that day were added by Jeffrey after the qualifiers in Mexico City. Of them, McIlvenney, Maca, and Gaetjens were not U.S. citizens but were allowed to play under the more lenient rules of the time. To the USSF, a player who declared his intent to become a U.S. citizen was eligible to play for the national team. Questions were raised after the upset, but later that year FIFA declared that the United States had done nothing wrong. Of the three, however, only Maca would go on to obtain U.S. citizenship.
Before scoring the Goal, Gaetjens, the son of a Haitian mother and Belgian father, was a dishwasher in a New York restaurant, working his way through Columbia University with the help of a Haitian government scholarship. Previously his greatest claim to fame as a player had come in 1949-50 when he led the American Soccer League in scoring with 18 goals for the last-place Brook-Hattan Galicia. After Brazil he played three years in France for Racing Club de Paris and Troyes, then returned to his native Haiti, where the rules of the day allowed him to play for the Haitians in 1953 in a World Cup qualifier against Mexico (a 4-0 loss).
Gaetjens later became a spokesman for Proctor & Gamble and owner of a string of dry-cleaning stores. Gaetjens was apolitical, but apparently some of his relatives were not, and in July 1964 he was hauled out of one of his Port-au-Prince dry-cleaning shops and taken away by “Papa Doc” Duvalier’s dreaded Ton Ton Macoute secret police. Efforts to determine his whereabouts have been unsuccessful, but it is believed he died in prison in 1970, six years before he and his 16 U.S. teammates were inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame.
Ironically, the Haitian government issued a commemorative stamp in Gaetjen’s honor in 2000.
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So, just how big was this biggest of all sports upsets?
It changed nothing in the United States, and it did nothing to change English soccer’s opinion of itself, nor did the rest of the world think less of England’s game. An anomaly, at best.
Keough, one of the St. Louis boys, probably put it best. Years later, he told his hometown Post-Dispatch: “Obviously, there was no television back then and, honestly, the World Cup wasn’t nearly as big a deal as it is now. We knew what we’d accomplished was something very special, but I don’t think most people back home, even soccer people, had any idea how major an upset it was.
“Was it the greatest upset in history? I think so. In the  World Cup, when Senegal beat defending champion France, almost all of the players for Senegal were first-division players from top leagues all over the world. We had a team of nobodies.
“I’d say the [USA] hockey team’s win [over the Soviet Union at the 1980 Olympics] was probably more significant because they went on to win that tournament. But there’s no way anybody, including us, expected the U.S. to beat England in 1950.”